Oxidative stress: causes, symptoms and measures for stressed skin
Stress on the skin is like stress on the soul: ignoring it causes long-term scars. In this context, the terms oxidative stress and free radicals play a crucial role. But what exactly is it, what causes promote oxidative stress and how can you protect your skin against external stress triggers? We'll give you an overview.
What is oxidative stress?
In short: healthy body cells are created by
Cell damage caused by oxidative stress caused by an excess of free radicals.
But before any misunderstandings arise: free radicals are not evil per se. Because basically our body has these troublemakers well under control. Is the organism in
However, it becomes problematic when there are more free radicals than the antioxidants can neutralize:
In a nutshell
One speaks of oxidative stress for the skin when, due to psychological, physical or external stress, more free radicals are produced in the body than can be neutralized by the body's own antioxidants . This overpopulation can lead to cell and tissue damage . In this respect, oxidative stress promotes premature skin aging and dryness as well as the development of impurities or serious skin inflammation.
Causes of oxidative stress
The inconvenient truth is: we are potential
One of the biggest exogenous influencing factors is the often criticized one
Also psychological or physical
In addition to damage to the skin caused by external factors, there are also cases in which the body's own radical defense system does not function sufficiently well. This hypofunction occurs, for example, when the body lacks antioxidant vitamins or there is an enzyme defect.
These triggers promote oxidative stress:
Internal (endogenous) factors
- psychological stress
- Lack of sleep
- Overuse of the body, e.g. B. through competitive sports
- Dysfunction of certain organs (e.g. liver, intestines)
- Inflammatory diseases
- Metabolic disorders
- Operations or injuries
External (exogenous) factors
- UV radiation
- Environmental pollution & pollutants, e.g. E.g. exhaust gases, ozone, heavy metals
- Nicotine, alcohol and drug consumption
- certain medications (please consult your doctor about this)
- Vitamin deficiency due to poor diet
Symptoms: What does oxidative stress do to the skin?
Some of the damage that oxidative stress can cause to the skin is long-term and lasting.
In this article we focus on the dermatological consequences of oxidative stress. For the sake of completeness, we would like to point out that oxidative stress is also associated with other serious illnesses such as depression, arteriosclerosis and certain cancers. It is also being discussed whether oxidative stress can also trigger obesity or diabetes.
This is how you can protect yourself against oxidative stress
Luckily, after all the gloomy pictures, we can still provide you with one
You can specifically support these natural defense mechanisms
- We can't stress this enough, but if you don't already, be sure to wear sunscreen every day , even if it's cloudy outside. UV rays show no mercy.
- Even if it sounds like a panacea, but:
Enough sleepand a balanced dietare also extremely important when it comes to skin protection.
- In addition, you can specifically target your skin
care productsprotect against oxidative stress:
- Products that
Antioxidants such as vitamin Cor Green tea extractcontain help to restore the balance to free radicals.
- Active ingredients like
Ceramides, hyaluronic acidor Glycerinprovide additional moisture and strengthen the Skin barrier.
Anti-inflammatory ingredientssuch as green tea counteract the formation of pimples and redness.
- In addition, the application of a light
chemical peelsrecommended, which removes dead skin cells and thereby Cell renewalstimulates.